Stephen P. Halbrook is a Senior Fellow at the Independent Institute. He received his J.D. from the Georgetown University Law Center and Ph.D. in social philosophy from Florida State University. The winner of three cases before the U.S. Supreme Court (Printz v. United States, United States v. Thompson/Center Arms Company, and Castillo v. United States), he has testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee, Senate Subcommittee on the Constitution, Subcommittee on Crime, Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, and House Committee on the District of Columbia. His many books include the widely acclaimed new Gun Control in Nazi-Occupied France: Tyranny and Resistance, as well as Gun Control in the Third Reich: Disarming the Jews and “Enemies of the State”; The Founders’ Second Amendment: Origins of the Right to Bear Arms; That Every Man Be Armed: Evolution of a Constitutional Right; Securing Civil Rights: Freedmen, the Fourteenth Amendment, and the Right to Bear Arms; and Target Switzerland: Swiss Armed Neutrality in World War II. Dr. Halbrook's articles have appeared in numerous scholarly journals as well in such publications as the Wall Street Journal, Newsday, San Francisco Chronicle, National Review, Investor’s Business Daily, and Washington Times. He has also appeared on such TV media as CNN, Fox News Network, Fox Business Channel, NewsMax TV, NRA TV, CBN, Voice of America, and C-SPAN.