Explore The NRA Universe Of Websites

APPEARS IN Legal & Legislation

California: Information on the Ten-Day Waiting Period Court Decision

Friday, September 5, 2014

A federal district court judge recently ruled that California’s mandatory 10-day waiting period for firearm purchases violates the Second Amendment as applied to individuals who already lawfully possess at least one firearm that is registered to them in the California Department of Justice (DOJ) Automated Firearms System (AFS), or who possess a valid Carry Concealed Weapon (CCW) license.  The ruling also mentions those who possess a valid Certificate of Eligibility (COE), but they would still need a firearm registered in the AFS to be entitled to the exception from the 10-day waiting period.

 

The court allowed the California legislature 180 days to adopt a new law addressing the constitutional concerns it articulated, should the legislature choose to do so. That’s not going to happen that fast, so watch for motions to adjust that timeline. The state can still appeal the ruling where it could be tied up for over a year.

 

If the ruling becomes final, it would mean that people with firearms already in the AFS or who have a CCW are not subject to the mandatory 10-day waiting period when purchasing new firearms. The ruling does not affect first time California firearm purchasers or those who already lawfully own firearms that are not in the AFS, unless they have a CCW.

 

To be clear, as the ruling repeatedly emphasizes, under this decision firearm purchasers must still pass a DOJ background check for each new firearm they seek to acquire. DOJ’s background check process may still legally delay, in some cases more than 10 days, the purchaser’s taking possession of a firearm. But if the background check is completed and approved prior to the expiration of 10 days, the firearm vendor cannot be required to wait the full 10 days before giving possession of the firearm to the purchaser, as the law previously required before the court’s intervention.

 

Despite the positive ruling, you should not expect to walk in and out of a store with a new firearm the same day. According to the DOJ, only about 20% of background checks are automatically approved. These “auto-approvals” can take anywhere from 1 minute to 2 hours, but usually occur within 1 hour. The other approximately 80% of background checks, however, are not auto-approved. They require further investigation, review, and analysis. In these cases, a delay of at least 1 day is generally inevitable according to the DOJ, because some further review of the purported purchaser is deemed necessary. If review by an analyst is required, and there is a backlog of applications, it may still take up to 10 days to complete and approve the background check. 

 

Under California law, there are specific circumstances that allow the DOJ to take up to 30 days to conduct a background check to further investigate whether the applicant is prohibited from possessing a firearm. How that will come into play is not entirely clear, but people should be aware that the DOJ may still be able to delay a firearm purchase 10 days, and potentially more, despite this ruling.

 

In sum, those who already lawfully own firearms that are registered in the AFS or who have a CCW cannot be subjected to California’s mandatory 10-day waiting period, as long as their background check is completed and approved prior to the expiration of 10 days. However, the law still allows for extended delays in giving possession of a firearm to a purchaser pending a background check.

 

While this ruling is somewhat limited in its practical effect for the time being, it is welcome news coming in a year that has already seen its fair share of good news for Second Amendment rights coming from courts. Earlier this year, a monumental ruling from the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in the NRA sponsored case of Peruta v. San Diego County found that the San Diego County Sheriff’s policy of refusing to issue licenses to carry firearms in public unless an applicant could demonstrate special need was an unconstitutional violation of the Second Amendment. NRA News has produced a wonderful video and America’s First Freedom magazine also published an enlightening article about the case. We are waiting to hear from the court on whether it will allow the California Attorney General Kamala Harris and some gun ban advocacy groups to intervene in the Peruta case as “parties” so they can further appeal the decision. 

 

While these cases show that the courts are willing to defend Second Amendment rights, they also show the lengths the anti-gun-rights crowd within and outside the government will go to in their quest to curtail those rights. We will keep you updated on developments in both these cases as they occur. But, in the meantime, NRA needs your continued support and vigilance. 

 

 

Help NRA to Help You

 

You can assist in the fight to defend gun owners’ rights in California courts by donating to the NRA Legal Action Project today. For a summary of some of the many actions the NRA has taken on behalf of California gun owners, including the tremendous recent victory in the Peruta case click here. Second Amendment supporters should be careful about supporting litigation efforts promised by other individuals and groups without access to the necessary funding, relationships, firearm experts and experienced lawyers on the NRA’s national legal team. The NRA’s team of highly regarded civil rights attorneys and scholars has the resources, skill and expertise to maximize the potential for victory.

 

IN THIS ARTICLE
California Waiting Periods
TRENDING NOW
Obama Says Goodbye to America’s Gun Owners with (a Likely Short-lived) Lead Ammo Ban

News  

Friday, January 20, 2017

Obama Says Goodbye to America’s Gun Owners with (a Likely Short-lived) Lead Ammo Ban

Gun owners knew that Barack Obama would not leave quietly. The only question was what else was coming.  

Federal Appeals Court: Chicago Violates Second Amendment … Again

News  

Friday, January 20, 2017

Federal Appeals Court: Chicago Violates Second Amendment … Again

On Wednesday, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit found that Chicago had once again violated the Second Amendment, this time with its regulations for gun ranges.

Gun Owners Welcome Donald J. Trump as President of the United States

News  

Friday, January 20, 2017

Gun Owners Welcome Donald J. Trump as President of the United States

Gun owners across the nation breathed a sigh of relief as Donald J. Trump was sworn in Friday morning as the 45th president of the United States.

Web Scraping: A Means to Push the Anti-Gun Agenda

News  

Friday, January 20, 2017

Web Scraping: A Means to Push the Anti-Gun Agenda

You may have read recently about a “breaking analysis” that includes numbers derived from a “mass shooting tracker,” which purports to present to the world, real world cases in which mass shootings have occurred.  One ...

New York Times Relies on Gun Prohibitionist Propaganda, Stigmatizes Suicide

News  

Friday, January 20, 2017

New York Times Relies on Gun Prohibitionist Propaganda, Stigmatizes Suicide

In a December 5, 2015, front page editorial, the New York Times finally admitted what discerning readers had long understood – that the paper advocates the prohibition and confiscation of certain types of now-lawfully possessed firearms. ...

Your Members of Congress Need to Hear from You on the Hearing Protection Act of 2017

News  

Friday, January 13, 2017

Your Members of Congress Need to Hear from You on the Hearing Protection Act of 2017

On Monday, Sen. Mike Crapo (R-ID) – joined by co-sponsors Sens. Jerry Moran (R-KS) and Rand Paul (R-KY) – introduced S. 59, the Hearing Protection Act of 2017 (HPA). Similar legislation was introduced in the ...

Alert: WA State Proposes Draconian Gun Ban Bills

News  

Friday, January 13, 2017

Alert: WA State Proposes Draconian Gun Ban Bills

Inspired, perhaps, by Oscar Wilde (“Moderation is a fatal thing. Nothing succeeds like excess”), Washington State Attorney General Bob Ferguson has announced two new sweeping gun control bills, with Sen. David Frockt (D-Seattle) and Rep. ...

New Hampshire: Constitutional/Permitless Carry Bill Passes Senate!

Thursday, January 19, 2017

New Hampshire: Constitutional/Permitless Carry Bill Passes Senate!

Today, Senate Bill 12, legislation eliminating the requirement to obtain a permit in order to lawfully carry, passed the Senate without amendment, by a 13-10 vote.  SB 12 will now go to the House of ...

National Concealed Carry Reciprocity Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them

News  

Friday, January 13, 2017

National Concealed Carry Reciprocity Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them

On January 3rd, Congressman Richard Hudson (R-N.C.8th) introduced H.R. 38, the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act of 2017, which simply allows lawful firearm carriers from any state to carry a concealed firearm in any other state. The bill ...

Thursday, January 19, 2017

Florida Urgent Alert! Self-defense Bill up in Senate Judiciary on Tuesday 1/24/2017

A critical self-defense bill will be heard by the Senate Judiciary Committee on Tuesday, January 24, 2017, between 2:00-4:00pm.  SB-128 Burden of Proof by Senator Rob Bradley restores the presumption of innocence in self-defense cases ...

MORE TRENDING +
LESS TRENDING -
NRA ILA

Established in 1975, the Institute for Legislative Action (ILA) is the "lobbying" arm of the National Rifle Association of America. ILA is responsible for preserving the right of all law-abiding individuals in the legislative, political, and legal arenas, to purchase, possess and use firearms for legitimate purposes as guaranteed by the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.