Explore The NRA Universe Of Websites

APPEARS IN News

Wildlife Management Legislation

Friday, October 5, 2001

President Theodore Roosevelt, arguably America`s first prominent conservationist, knew first hand of the advantages regulated hunting and conservation bring to wildlife. During the late 1800s, Roosevelt saw animal numbers deteriorate because of human encroachment and over-hunting driven by unregulated meat and fur markets. As President, Roosevelt, an NRA life member, began creating government programs aimed at restoring game populations to healthy levels.

Most lawmakers understand the undisputable benefits that conservation and regulated hunting bring to wildlife, and many pieces of legislation have come about over the years to keep pace with the changing times and habitat conditions.

  • 1846 Rhode Island passed the first seasonal hunting regulation protecting waterfowl.
  • 1878 Iowa becomes the first state to initiate bag limits.
  • 1895 Michigan and North Dakota issue the first revenue generating hunting licenses.
  • 1900 Congress passed the Lacey Act which became the first federal law protecting game. It prohibited the interstate shipment of illegally taken wildlife and importation of species.
  • 1903 President Theodore Roosevelt established the first Federal Bird Reservation on Pelican Island, Florida. Early wildlife reservations would be re-designated as "national wildlife refuges" in 1942.
  • 1918 The Migratory Bird Treaty Act provided regulation of migratory bird hunting.
  • 1930 The American Game Policy was introduced by Aldo Leopold. The policy called for trained professionals to study and administer conservation efforts.
  • 1934 Congress passed the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act, or the "Duck Stamp Act," requiring hunters of migratory birds to buy a federal duck stamp with the generated revenue going to wetlands conservation projects.
  • 1937 The Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act, also known as the Pittman-Robertson Act, created a 10% excise tax on sporting arms and ammunition. A few years later the tax became 11% on long arms, ammunition, and bow hunting equipment and 10% on handguns. Revenue is deposited in a special trust fund under the management of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to be used for state wildlife restoration projects. To date, over $3 billion in federal excise taxes have been generated.
  • 1950 Following the model set by Pittman-Robertson, the Dingell-Johnson Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Act passed. Revenue generated from fishing equipment sales was directed towards restoring and improving America`s fishery resources.
  • 1964 The National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act was passed. It provided comprehensive guidance for administering the vast system of refuges in America, all of which provide wildlife with crucial habitat for survival.
  • 1970 With the passage of the Dingell-Hart Act, revenue from an existing 10% excise tax on handguns was transferred to the Pittman-Robertson trust fund.
  • 1972 An 11% Pittman-Robertson excise tax was extended to archery equipment with the passage of the Goodling-Moss Act. One-half of the tax revenue collected on handguns and archery equipment may be used by state fish and wildlife agencies for hunter safety training and range development.
  • 1976 The Federal Land Policy and Management Act provided for "multiple use" including hunting, fishing and wildlife management of the 270 million acres of public land.
  • 1980 With the passage of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, the National Wildlife Refuge System was expanded, adding nine new refuges totaling more than 76.4 million acres.
  • 1984 The Dingell-Johnson Act was supplemented by the Wallop-Breaux Amendment. It extended the excise tax to all previously untaxed fishing gear and added a 3% tax to electric trolling motors and sonar fish finders. In addition, a portion of existing tax on boat fuel was devoted to this program.
  • 1985 The Food Security Act created the Conservation Reserve Program to assist farmers in converting highly erodible land from crop production to ground cover in order to improve soil, water and wildlife resources. Total acreage enrolled exceeds 30 million acres.
  • 1989 The North American Wetlands Preservation Act encourages partnerships to protect, enhance and restore wetlands and other habitats for migratory birds.
  • 1997 Passage of the Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act set out a mission statement and purposes to guide management of the 92 million-acre system. The Act established hunting and fishing as priority public uses of refuges.
  • 1998 The Migratory Bird Treaty Reform Act reduced the standard for being cited for a baiting violation, but increased the penalties if convicted of such a violation.
  • 2000 The Fish and Wildlife Programs Improvement Act amended the Pittman-Robertson and Dingell-Johnson Acts to make needed reforms. It also earmarked over $7 million annually for the states to use in enhancing hunter education and range development.
IN THIS ARTICLE
Hunting/Conservation
TRENDING NOW
Washington: Substitute Version of Gun Control Bill Passes House Committee

Friday, January 19, 2018

Washington: Substitute Version of Gun Control Bill Passes House Committee

Yesterday, the House Judiciary Committee passed Substitute House Bill 1122 out of committee on a 7-6 vote.  This bill, which would require gun owners to lock up their firearms or potentially face criminal charges, will ...

Washington: Trigger Modification Ban Passes Committee

Tuesday, January 16, 2018

Washington: Trigger Modification Ban Passes Committee

Earlier today, the Washington state Senate Law & Justice Committee passed Senate Bill 5992 out of committee with a 4-3 vote. As drafted, this legislation has overreaching language that would ban modifications commonly made to ...

Crossing the Line – Firearm Preemption Protection Under Attack

News  

Friday, January 19, 2018

Crossing the Line – Firearm Preemption Protection Under Attack

Gun control groups are fond of describing preemption as a doctrine whereby a state has stripped local governments of their power to regulate guns.

Australia: Queensland’s Labor Party Government Targets MP for Gun Control Heresy

News  

Friday, January 19, 2018

Australia: Queensland’s Labor Party Government Targets MP for Gun Control Heresy

The sorry state of gun politics in Australia was put into stark relief recently, after Liberal National Party (LNP) Queensland Legislative Assembly MP Anthony Perrett took a principled stand in favor of his constituents’ gun rights.

Arizona: Signature Gathering Underway For Hunting Ban Initiative

Hunting  

Friday, January 19, 2018

Arizona: Signature Gathering Underway For Hunting Ban Initiative

The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) and their front-group “Arizonans for Wildlife” are currently gathering signatures for a ballot initiative that would ban the hunting and trapping of mountain lions and bobcats in ...

Washington: House Judiciary to Hear Gun Control Bills

Thursday, January 18, 2018

Washington: House Judiciary to Hear Gun Control Bills

On Thursday, January 25th at 1:30PM, the House Judiciary Committee is scheduled to hear several sweeping gun control bills.  NRA Members and Second Amendment supporters are strongly encouraged to attend the committee hearing to voice your opposition ...

New Jersey:  2018 Brings Bigger Challenges for New Jersey Gun Owners

Friday, January 19, 2018

New Jersey: 2018 Brings Bigger Challenges for New Jersey Gun Owners

A new Governor took the reins from Gov. Chris Christie this week, and a new Legislature has been sworn into office. 

Indiana: Rifle Hunting Bill Passes Senate

Hunting  

Friday, January 19, 2018

Indiana: Rifle Hunting Bill Passes Senate

On Thursday, January 18th, Senate Bill 20 passed the Indiana state Senate by a vote of 47-2 and will now move to the House.  

Hawaii: Trigger Modification Ban Introduced in the Senate

Thursday, January 18, 2018

Hawaii: Trigger Modification Ban Introduced in the Senate

Today, Senator Karl Rhoads (D-13) introduced legislation that would ban modifications commonly made to firearms by law-abiding citizens.  SB 2046 is currently pending a committee referral.  Please contact your Senator today and urge them to OPPOSE this ...

Eighteen States, Law Enforcement, Doctors, and Firearm Rights Groups File Amicus Briefs in Lawsuit Challenging California 10+ Magazine Ban

Tuesday, January 16, 2018

Eighteen States, Law Enforcement, Doctors, and Firearm Rights Groups File Amicus Briefs in Lawsuit Challenging California 10+ Magazine Ban

On Friday, January 12, several amicus briefs were filed in the NRA and CRPA supported lawsuit challenging California’s restrictions against magazines capable of holding more than 10 rounds. The lawsuit, titled Duncan v. Becerra, challenges California’s ...

MORE TRENDING +
LESS TRENDING -
NRA ILA

Established in 1975, the Institute for Legislative Action (ILA) is the "lobbying" arm of the National Rifle Association of America. ILA is responsible for preserving the right of all law-abiding individuals in the legislative, political, and legal arenas, to purchase, possess and use firearms for legitimate purposes as guaranteed by the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.