Explore The NRA Universe Of Websites

APPEARS IN Hunting

Wildlife Management Legislation

Friday, October 5, 2001

President Theodore Roosevelt, arguably America`s first prominent conservationist, knew first hand of the advantages regulated hunting and conservation bring to wildlife. During the late 1800s, Roosevelt saw animal numbers deteriorate because of human encroachment and over-hunting driven by unregulated meat and fur markets. As President, Roosevelt, an NRA life member, began creating government programs aimed at restoring game populations to healthy levels.

Most lawmakers understand the undisputable benefits that conservation and regulated hunting bring to wildlife, and many pieces of legislation have come about over the years to keep pace with the changing times and habitat conditions.

  • 1846 Rhode Island passed the first seasonal hunting regulation protecting waterfowl.
  • 1878 Iowa becomes the first state to initiate bag limits.
  • 1895 Michigan and North Dakota issue the first revenue generating hunting licenses.
  • 1900 Congress passed the Lacey Act which became the first federal law protecting game. It prohibited the interstate shipment of illegally taken wildlife and importation of species.
  • 1903 President Theodore Roosevelt established the first Federal Bird Reservation on Pelican Island, Florida. Early wildlife reservations would be re-designated as "national wildlife refuges" in 1942.
  • 1918 The Migratory Bird Treaty Act provided regulation of migratory bird hunting.
  • 1930 The American Game Policy was introduced by Aldo Leopold. The policy called for trained professionals to study and administer conservation efforts.
  • 1934 Congress passed the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act, or the "Duck Stamp Act," requiring hunters of migratory birds to buy a federal duck stamp with the generated revenue going to wetlands conservation projects.
  • 1937 The Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act, also known as the Pittman-Robertson Act, created a 10% excise tax on sporting arms and ammunition. A few years later the tax became 11% on long arms, ammunition, and bow hunting equipment and 10% on handguns. Revenue is deposited in a special trust fund under the management of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to be used for state wildlife restoration projects. To date, over $3 billion in federal excise taxes have been generated.
  • 1950 Following the model set by Pittman-Robertson, the Dingell-Johnson Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Act passed. Revenue generated from fishing equipment sales was directed towards restoring and improving America`s fishery resources.
  • 1964 The National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act was passed. It provided comprehensive guidance for administering the vast system of refuges in America, all of which provide wildlife with crucial habitat for survival.
  • 1970 With the passage of the Dingell-Hart Act, revenue from an existing 10% excise tax on handguns was transferred to the Pittman-Robertson trust fund.
  • 1972 An 11% Pittman-Robertson excise tax was extended to archery equipment with the passage of the Goodling-Moss Act. One-half of the tax revenue collected on handguns and archery equipment may be used by state fish and wildlife agencies for hunter safety training and range development.
  • 1976 The Federal Land Policy and Management Act provided for "multiple use" including hunting, fishing and wildlife management of the 270 million acres of public land.
  • 1980 With the passage of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, the National Wildlife Refuge System was expanded, adding nine new refuges totaling more than 76.4 million acres.
  • 1984 The Dingell-Johnson Act was supplemented by the Wallop-Breaux Amendment. It extended the excise tax to all previously untaxed fishing gear and added a 3% tax to electric trolling motors and sonar fish finders. In addition, a portion of existing tax on boat fuel was devoted to this program.
  • 1985 The Food Security Act created the Conservation Reserve Program to assist farmers in converting highly erodible land from crop production to ground cover in order to improve soil, water and wildlife resources. Total acreage enrolled exceeds 30 million acres.
  • 1989 The North American Wetlands Preservation Act encourages partnerships to protect, enhance and restore wetlands and other habitats for migratory birds.
  • 1997 Passage of the Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act set out a mission statement and purposes to guide management of the 92 million-acre system. The Act established hunting and fishing as priority public uses of refuges.
  • 1998 The Migratory Bird Treaty Reform Act reduced the standard for being cited for a baiting violation, but increased the penalties if convicted of such a violation.
  • 2000 The Fish and Wildlife Programs Improvement Act amended the Pittman-Robertson and Dingell-Johnson Acts to make needed reforms. It also earmarked over $7 million annually for the states to use in enhancing hunter education and range development.

TRENDING NOW
A New Candidate for Confiscator-in-Chief

News  

Monday, November 11, 2019

A New Candidate for Confiscator-in-Chief

Former Texas Congressman Robert Francis O’Rourke abandoned his run for President last week, once again leaving a void for the most strident anti-gun candidate seeking the Democrat nomination. Even before declaring his candidacy for President, ...

New Hampshire: Firearm Seizure Bill Headed to House Floor

Thursday, October 31, 2019

New Hampshire: Firearm Seizure Bill Headed to House Floor

On October 30th, the New Hampshire state Criminal Justice and Public Safety Committee sent House Bill 687 to the House floor for further consideration after a motion to kill the bill failed by a vote ...

Wisconsin: Gov. Evers Calls for Firearm Confiscation & Criminalizing Private Transfers

Friday, September 20, 2019

Wisconsin: Gov. Evers Calls for Firearm Confiscation & Criminalizing Private Transfers

On September 19th, Wisconsin Governor Tony Evers, Attorney General Josh Kaul, Representative Melissa Sargent (D-48), and Senator Lena Taylor (D-4) held a press conference calling on the Legislature to violate the Second Amendment by: 1) ...

Strong Firearms Preemption Laws are More Important Than Ever

News  

Gun Laws  

Monday, November 11, 2019

Strong Firearms Preemption Laws are More Important Than Ever

Photo Courtesy of Jeremy Tremp In recent weeks, gun owners have been given two prime examples of just how important strong firearms preemption laws are to the vibrant exercise of Second Amendment rights. On October ...

Bloomberg’s Gun Control Apparatus Lies to Virginia’s Firearm Owners in Election Mailing

News  

Monday, November 4, 2019

Bloomberg’s Gun Control Apparatus Lies to Virginia’s Firearm Owners in Election Mailing

Here’s a hint for Virginia gun owners and sportsmen: When you get a firearm-related election mailing with a New York City return address and proudly proclaiming that it’s printed on soy ink, you can safely ...

NRA Statement on 2019 Election  Results

News  

Wednesday, November 6, 2019

NRA Statement on 2019 Election Results

The National Rifle Association released the following statement on the 2019 election results: "As if Gov. Northam’s legacy of ineptitude wasn’t enough, Virginians are about to experience life under a distant tycoon’s thumb."

National Hearing Conservation Association Supports Suppressors

News  

Monday, November 4, 2019

National Hearing Conservation Association Supports Suppressors

Photo Courtesy of Silencer Shop On October 28th, the National Hearing Conservation Association sent its new position paper on firearms suppressors to the American Suppressor Association. The paper, in short, recognizes the important role that ...

Guide To The Interstate Transportation Of Firearms

Gun Laws  

Thursday, January 1, 2015

Guide To The Interstate Transportation Of Firearms

CAUTION: Federal and state firearms laws are subject to frequent change. This summary is not to be considered as legal advice or a restatement of law.

NRA Member spotlight: Meet the Man Who Helped Turn an Anti-Gun Townhall into a Pro-gun Rally

News  

Monday, October 28, 2019

NRA Member spotlight: Meet the Man Who Helped Turn an Anti-Gun Townhall into a Pro-gun Rally

At a townhall meeting in Michigan this month, Congresswoman Haley Stevens appeared to lose control when the NRA came up and began emotionally screaming, “The NRA has got to go! The NRA has got to go!” ...

MORE TRENDING +
LESS TRENDING -

More Like This From Around The NRA

NRA ILA

Established in 1975, the Institute for Legislative Action (ILA) is the "lobbying" arm of the National Rifle Association of America. ILA is responsible for preserving the right of all law-abiding individuals in the legislative, political, and legal arenas, to purchase, possess and use firearms for legitimate purposes as guaranteed by the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.