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GUN LAWS  

Missouri Gun Laws

Thursday, June 30, 2016

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 23.

“That the right of every citizen to keep and bear arms, ammunition, and accessories typical to the normal function of such arms, in defense of his home, person, family and property, or when lawfully summoned in aid of the civil power, shall not be questioned. The rights guaranteed by this section shall be unalienable. Any restriction on these rights shall be subject to strict scrutiny and the state of Missouri shall be obligated to uphold these rights and shall under no circumstances decline to protect against their infringement. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the general assembly from enacting general laws which limit the rights of convicted violent felons or those adjudicated by a court to be a danger to self or others as result of a mental disorder or mental infirmity."

Gun Laws Overview

RIFLES & SHOTGUNS HANDGUNS
Permit to Purchase No No
Registration of Firearms No No
Licensing of Owners No No
Permit to Carry No Yes

The list and map below are included as a tool to assist you in validating your information.  We have made every effort to report the information correctly, however reciprocity and recognition agreements are subject to frequent change.  The information is not intended as legal advice or a restatement of law and does not include:  restrictions that may be placed on non-resident permits, individuals under the age of 21, qualifying permit classes, and/or any other factor which may limit reciprocity and/or recognition. Some states will only recognize Missouri RESIDENT permits. Wisconsin will only honor a Missouri License issued or renewed on or after August 28, 2013; http://ago.mo.gov/divisions/public-safety/concealed-carry-reciprocity. For any particular situation, a licensed local attorney must be consulted for an accurate interpretation.  YOU MUST ABIDE WITH ALL LAWS: STATE, FEDERAL AND LOCAL.

STATE STATUS
Castle Doctrine Enacted
No-Net Loss Enacted
Right To Carry Confidentiality Provisions Enacted
Right To Carry in Restaurants Partial Ban
Right To Carry Laws Shall Issue
Right To Carry Reciprocity and Recognition Outright Recognition
Right To Keep & Bear Arms State Constitutional Provisions With Provisions
Concealed Carry Reciprocity
Select Map
Click on a State to see the Gun Law Profile

 

Laws on Purchase, Possession and Carrying of Firearms

Antiques

Antique firearms are defined as any firearm not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire ignition with fixed ammunition and manufactured in or before 1898, with said ammunition not being manufactured any longer; this includes any matchlock, wheel lock, flintlock, percussion cap or similar type ignition system, or replica thereof.  Antique firearms are exempt from the permit requirements for the transfer of concealable firearms. 

Carry

Missouri does not prohibit the open carrying of firearms, but does prohibit exhibiting “any weapon readily capable of lethal use” in an angry or threatening manner in the presence of one or more persons. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030.1(4). A person with a valid concealed carry permit who is lawfully carrying a firearm in a concealed manner may briefly and openly display the firearm to the ordinary sight of another person, but is prohibited from intentionally displaying the gun in an angry or threatening manner, not in necessary self-defense. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.037. It is unlawful to carry a firearm concealed on or about one’s person without a concealed carry permit, a valid concealed carry endorsement issued before August 28, 2013, or a valid permit or endorsement to carry concealed firearms issued by another state.

 

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This prohibition does not apply to possession in a person’s dwelling, while hunting, or while traveling in a continuous journey through the state. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030.

There are additional exceptions based on a person’s profession or occupation, including members of the Armed Forces or National Guard while on official duty, trained law enforcement officers, corrections officers, probation and parole officers and officials, process servers, marshals, and others. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030.2.

Persons aged 19 or older, or 18 or older and a member of the United States Armed Forces or honorably discharged from the United States Armed Forces, may transport a concealable firearm in the passenger compartment of a vehicle, so long as the firearm is otherwise lawfully possessed. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030.3.

Missouri is a “shall issue” state. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.101.2.

To apply for a concealed carry permit, the applicant has to be: at least 19 years old, or at least 18 years old and a member of the United States Armed Forces or honorably discharged from the United States Armed Forces, a citizen or permanent resident of the United States, and either resident in the state, or a member of the Armed Forces stationed in Missouri (or the spouse of such member of the military stationed in Missouri, provided the spouse is at least 19 years old).

A concealed carry permit cannot be issued to any person who is or has been:

  • currently charged with or convicted of or plead guilty to or entered a plea of nolo contendere (no contest) to a crime punishable by imprisonment for over one year, excluding some misdemeanor crimes that do not involve an explosive weapon, firearm, firearm silencer or gas gun;
  • convicted of or plead guilty to or entered a plea of nolo contendere (no contest) to one or more misdemeanor offenses involving crimes of violence within the last five years, or has been convicted of two or more misdemeanor offenses involving driving while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs or the possession or abuse of a controlled substance in the last five years;
  • who is a fugitive from justice or has been dishonorably discharged from the U.S. armed forces;
  • who has been adjudicated mentally incompetent at the time of or within five years prior to the application, or has been committed to a mental institution;
  • is subject to a full valid order of protection, is still in effect; or
  • has engaged in a pattern of behavior documented in public or closed records that leads the sheriff reasonably to believe the applicant would be a danger to himself or others.

Applications for a concealed carry permit is made to the sheriff of the county, or any city not within a county, in which the applicant resides. The applicant must include the fee and evidence of completion of firearms training that meets the statutory standards. The applicant will be fingerprinted, and a background check will be done at the state and national levels. The sheriff has three working days to issue the permit after approval of the application. Once approved, an applicant must sign the permit in the presence of the sheriff or designee. A sheriff shall charge a fee of no more than $100 ($50 in the case of a renewal) for the processing of the application. A permit is valid from the date of issuance or renewal until five years from the last day of the month in which the permit was issued or renewed.

Any person with a concealed carry permit must notify the sheriff of a name or address change within 30 days of the change; a failure to do so results in the permit becoming automatically invalid after 180 days of the name or residence change without notification. The sheriff must assess a late penalty of $10 per month for each month, up to six months and not to exceed $60, for the failure to give this notice.

A permit to carry (endorsement) authorizes the holder to carry concealed firearms on or about his or her person or vehicle throughout the state. Even with a permit (endorsement), concealed firearms cannot be carried in or on the following places:

  • police stations without consent, correctional facilities, prisons, and jails, although possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises is not a violation so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished;
  • courthouses and court offices, although possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises is not a violation so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished;
  • within 25 feet of any polling place on election day, although possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises is not a violation so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished;
  • government meetings, and in those public buildings or parts of buildings leased, owned or controlled by a government entity that has prohibited the carrying of firearms by ordinance or regulation (but this does not include government property used for public housing by private persons, highways or rest areas, firing ranges, and private dwellings owned, leased, or controlled by that unit of government);
  • bars and lounges, without the consent of the owner or manager, and restaurants with seating for less than 50 people where the majority of the restaurant’s income is other the sale of food, although possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises is not a violation so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished;
  • areas of airports where access is controlled, although possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the airport premises is not a violation so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished;
  • any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by federal law;
  • places of higher education, secondary schools, elementary schools or any part of a child care facility, without consent. There is an exception for a teacher or administrator of an elementary or secondary school designated by the school district as a school protection officer, who has a permit (endorsement) and is carrying a firearm in a school within that district, in which case no consent is required. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of any higher education institution, or elementary or secondary school facility is not a violation so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished;
  • within any public area of a riverboat gambling facility without consent, or in any gated area of an amusement park. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises is not a violation so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished;
  • churches or other places of worship without consent, although possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises is not a violation so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished;
  • a sports arena or stadium with a capacity of 5,000 people or more, although possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises is not a violation so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished;
  • any hospital accessible by the public, although possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises is not a violation so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished;
  • private property that has been properly posted with signs indicating carrying firearms is prohibited. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises is not a violation so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished.

State law provides that carrying in violation by a person who has a valid carry permit or endorsement is not a criminal act but may subject the person to denial of entry to the premises or removal from the premises. A refusal to leave in such cases is grounds for a citation, and violators may have their permit or endorsement suspended. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.

In addition, any passenger who boards a passenger bus or coach bus for hire with a dangerous or deadly weapon concealed upon his or her person or effects, without consent of the owner of the bus or his agent, commits a felony. It is felony to carry a deadly or dangerous weapon into a bus terminal or aboard a bus. A “terminal” includes the bus station or depot or any facility operated or leased by or operated on behalf of a bus transportation company, and parking lots or parking areas adjacent to a terminal. Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 578.305, 578.320. It is unlawful to carry a firearm in or on any public mass transportation facility or conveyance of the Bi-State Development Agency (incl. MetroBus and MetroLink), without authorization from the agency, although the rules exclude an unloaded rifle or shotgun “carried in any enclosed case, box or other container which completely conceals the item from view and identification as a weapon.” Mo. Rev. Stat. § 70.441.1, .3(11).

Missouri law makes it an offense to possess a firearm on the person while intoxicated and to handle or use such firearm in either a negligent or unlawful manner, or to discharge the firearm unless acting in self-defense. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030.1(5).

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Machine Guns and Other Illegal Weapons

It is unlawful to knowingly possess, manufacture, transport, repair or sell a machine gun without the appropriate federal license.  A machine gun is any firearm that is capable of firing more than one shot automatically, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.

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It is unlawful to knowingly possess, manufacture, transport, repair or sell any rifle of less than 16 inch barrel length, shotgun of less than 18 inch barrel length, rifle or shotgun of less than 26 inch overall length, any silencer, any switchblade, or explosive bullets.  The use or possession of "metal penetrating bullets'' during the commission of a crime is a felony.

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Possession

There are no state licensing requirements for the possession of a rifle, shotgun or handgun.

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It is a misdemeanor to possess an unloaded firearm when intoxicated; it is a felony to possess a loaded firearm while intoxicated.  It is unlawful for a person convicted of or confined for a dangerous felony or an attempt to commit a dangerous felony to possess a concealable firearm for five years after such conviction or confinement.  It is unlawful for a fugitive from justice, a habitually intoxicated or drugged person, or a person currently adjudged mentally incompetent to possess a concealable firearm.

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Preemption

The general assembly hereby occupies and preempts the entire field of legislation touching in any way firearms...

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MO. REV. STAT § 21.750. Firearms legislation preemption by general assembly, exceptions 
   1. The general assembly hereby occupies and preempts the entire field of legislation touching in any way firearms, components, ammunition and supplies to the complete exclusion of any order, ordinance or regulation by any political subdivision of this state. Any existing or future orders, ordinances or regulations in this field are hereby and shall be null and void except as provided in subsection 3 of this section. 
2. No county, city, town, village, municipality, or other political subdivision of this state shall adopt any order, ordinance or regulation concerning in any way the sale, purchase, purchase delay, transfer, ownership, use, keeping, possession, bearing, transportation, licensing, permit, registration, taxation other than sales and compensating use taxes or other controls on firearms, components, ammunition, and supplies except as provided in subsection 3 of this section. 
3. Nothing contained in this section shall prohibit any ordinance of any political subdivision which conforms exactly with any of the provisions of sections 571.010 to 571.070, RSMo, with appropriate penalty provisions, or which regulates the open carrying of firearms readily capable of lethal use or the discharge of firearms within a jurisdiction. This section shall take effect on January 1, 1985.  
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Purchase

No state permit is required for the purchase of rifles, shotguns or handguns.

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It is unlawful to knowingly sell, lease, loan, give away or deliver a firearm or ammunition to any person who is not lawfully entitled to possess one. It is unlawful to recklessly sell, lease, loan, give away or deliver a firearm or ammunition to a person who is intoxicated. It is unlawful to knowingly sell, lease, loan, give away or deliver any firearm to a person who is not eighteen years old without the consent of the custodial parent or guardian.

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Range Protection

All owners and authorized users of firearm ranges shall be immune from any criminal and civil liability arising out of or as a consequence of noise or sound emission resulting from the use of any such firearm range.

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MO. REV. STAT § 537. 294. Firearm range, hunting preserve defined--immunity from criminal and civil liability for noise, public or private nuisance or trespass--exceptions

1. As used in this section, the following terms shall mean:

(1) “Firearm range” , any rifle, pistol, silhouette, skeet, trap, blackpowder or other similar range in this state used for discharging firearms in a sporting event or for practice or instruction in the use of a firearm, or for the testing of a firearm;

(2) “Hunting preserve”, any hunting preserve or licensed shooting area operating under a permit granted by the Missouri department of conservation.

2. All owners and authorized users of firearm ranges shall be immune from any criminal and civil liability arising out of or as a consequence of noise or sound emission resulting from the use of any such firearm range. Owners and users of such firearm ranges shall not be subject to any civil action in tort or subject to any action for public or private nuisance or trespass and no court in this state shall enjoin the use or operation of such firearm ranges on the basis of noise or sound emission resulting from the use of any such firearm range. Any actions by a court in this state to enjoin the use or operation of such firearm ranges and any damages awarded or imposed by a court, or assessed by a jury, in this state against any owner or user of such firearm ranges for nuisance or trespass are null and void.

3. All owners and authorized users of existing hunting preserves or areas that are designated as hunting preserves after August 28, 2008, shall be immune from any criminal and civil liability arising out of or as a consequence of noise or sound emission resulting from the normal use of any such hunting preserve. Owners or authorized users of such hunting preserves shall not be subject to any action for public or private nuisance or trespass, and no court in this state shall enjoin the use or operation of such hunting preserves on the basis of noise or sound emission resulting from normal use of any such hunting preserve.

4. Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, nothing in this section shall be construed to limit civil liability for compensatory damage arising from physical injury to another human, physical injury to tangible personal property, or physical injury to fixtures or structures placed on real property.

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Miscellaneous

It is unlawful to carry a firearm, whether loaded or unloaded, or any other weapon capable of lethal use into any school, onto school bus, or onto the premises of any function or activity sponsored or sanctioned by school officials or the district school board.  This prohibition does not apply to those with a concealed carry endorsement on the Missouri driver’s or non-driver’s license with permission of school officials or a firearm otherwise lawfully possessed by an adult for the purposes of transporting a student to or from school, or possessed by an adult for the facilitation of a school-sanctioned firearm related event. 

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Students may participate in school-sanctioned firearms related events and courses provided the student does not carry a gun onto the premises of any school, onto school bus, or onto the premises of any function or activity sponsored or sanctioned by school officials or the district school board.

The local board of education of each school district shall clearly establish a written policy of discipline which shall provide for a suspension for a period of not less than one year, or expulsion, for a student who is determined to have brought a weapon to school, including, but not limited to the school playground, the school parking lot, on a school bus or brought a weapon to a school activity whether on or off of the school property.

It is unlawful to knowingly deface a firearm or to knowingly possess a defaced firearm. 

It is unlawful to possess a firearm or projectile weapon while intoxicated and handle or otherwise use such firearm or projectile weapon in a negligent or unlawful manner or discharge it, unless acting in self-defense.  It is unlawful to discharge a firearm within one hundred yards of any occupied schoolhouse, courthouse, or church building.  It is unlawful to discharge or shoot a firearm into a dwelling house, a railroad train, boat, aircraft, or motor vehicle, or any building or structure used for the assembling of people. It is unlawful to discharge or shoot a firearm at a mark, at any object, or at random, on, along or across a public highway or to discharge or shoot a firearm into any outbuilding.  It is unlawful to discharge or shoot a firearm at or from a motor vehicle, while within any city, town, or village, and to discharge or shoot a firearm at any person, or at any other motor vehicle, or at any building or habitable structure, unless the person is lawfully acting in self-defense.

It is unlawful to exhibit, in the presence of one or more persons, any weapon readily capable of lethal use in an angry or threatening manner.

A person commits the crime of unlawful refusal to transfer by denying sale of a firearm to a non-licensee, who is otherwise not prohibited from possessing a firearm under state or federal law, solely on the basis that the non-licensee purchased a firearm that was later the subject of a trace request by law enforcement.

If any sheriff retains records of permits to obtain concealable firearms, then such records shall be closed to the public. No such record shall be made available for any purpose whatsoever unless its disclosure is mandated by a valid court order relating to a criminal investigation.

No unit of local government shall adopt any order, ordinance or regulation concerning the sale, purchase, purchase delay, transfer, ownership, use, keeping, possession, bearing, transportation, licensing, permit, registration, taxation other than sales and compensating use taxes, or other controls on firearms, components, ammunition and supplies. Ordinances which conform exactly with state firearms laws, and ordinances which regulate the open carrying of firearms readily capable of lethal use or the discharge of firearms within a jurisdiction, are not prohibited.  

No unit of local government nor the state shall bring suit or have any right to recover against any firearms or ammunition manufacturer, trade association, or dealer for damages, abatement, or injunctive relief resulting from or relating to the lawful design, manufacture, marketing, distribution, or sale of firearms or ammunition to the public.  Nothing prevents an individual citizen from bringing suit for recovery for negligent or defective design or manufacture of firearms or ammunition.

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Missouri NEWS
NRA Debunks Jason Kander's Second Amendment Lies in New Ad

News  

Wednesday, September 21, 2016

NRA Debunks Jason Kander's Second Amendment Lies in New Ad

The National Rifle Association Political Victory Fund (NRA-PVF) launched a TV ad on Tuesday exposing U.S. Senate candidate ...

St. Louis Today  

Monday, September 19, 2016

New Missouri gun law changes the rules, but some restrictions remain

Gun rights in Missouri were expanded this week by a victorious Republican supermajority in the Legislature.

Kansas City Star  

Thursday, September 15, 2016

Missouri Republicans vote to override veto of gun bill

For the second time Wednesday, Republicans turned to a parliamentary maneuver to kill a Democratic filibuster and force ...

News  

Wednesday, September 14, 2016

NRA Applauds Veto Override of Senate Bill 656 in Missouri

The National Rifle Association applauds the Missouri Legislature's veto override of Senate Bill 656, common sense self-defense legislation ...

Missourians Celebrate a Win for Self-Defense Rights on Wednesday

Wednesday, September 14, 2016

Missourians Celebrate a Win for Self-Defense Rights on Wednesday

Today, Governor Nixon’s veto of pro-gun self-defense legislation, Senate Bill 656, was overridden by the Missouri General Assembly. 

Kansas City Star  

Wednesday, September 14, 2016

Gun bill is top target as Missouri lawmakers convene for veto session today

Should Missourians be required to get a permit before they can legally carry a concealed gun in public?Should ...

Missouri: Important Pro Self-Defense Vote Tomorrow, Contact Your Legislators NOW

Tuesday, September 13, 2016

Missouri: Important Pro Self-Defense Vote Tomorrow, Contact Your Legislators NOW

The Missouri Legislature will vote to override Governor Nixon’s veto of Senate Bill 656 TOMORROW!

Associated Press  

Tuesday, September 13, 2016

Final veto showdown for Missouri's most-overridden governor

Bills on this year's veto session agenda include a wide-ranging gun rights measure and a proposed requirement that ...

Missouri: Last Days to Contact Your Legislators in Support of Overriding Veto of Senate Bill 656

Monday, September 12, 2016

Missouri: Last Days to Contact Your Legislators in Support of Overriding Veto of Senate Bill 656

Veto override session is this Wednesday, September 14, and Senate Bill 656, pro-gun self-defense legislation, is scheduled for ...

Fulton Sun  

Monday, September 12, 2016

Missouri: Voter ID, guns likely to be key topics in veto session

Missouri lawmakers return to the Capitol Wednesday to decide whether they should override any of Gov. Jay Nixon's ...

NRA ILA

Established in 1975, the Institute for Legislative Action (ILA) is the "lobbying" arm of the National Rifle Association of America. ILA is responsible for preserving the right of all law-abiding individuals in the legislative, political, and legal arenas, to purchase, possess and use firearms for legitimate purposes as guaranteed by the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.