Explore The NRA Universe Of Websites

APPEARS IN Legal & Legislation

The Show-Me State Shows the Way to Safeguard Fundamental Rights

Friday, August 8, 2014

Missouri’s primary election on Tuesday included a legislatively referred constitutional amendment to strengthen Missouri’s right to arms provision.  Voters approved the amendment by a 61% to 39% margin.  The amendment makes the following changes to the previous language (additions are underlined and deletions are struck-through):   

That the right of every citizen to keep and bear arms, ammunition, and accessories typical to the normal function of such arms, in defense of his home, person, family and property, or when lawfully summoned in aid of the civil power, shall not be questioned; but this shall not justify the wearing of concealed weaponsThe rights guaranteed by this section shall be unalienable. Any restriction on these rights shall be subject to strict scrutiny and the state of Missouri shall be obligated to uphold these rights and shall under no circumstances decline to protect against their infringement.  Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the general assembly from enacting general laws which limit the rights of convicted violent felons or those duly adjudged mentally infirm by a court of competent jurisdiction.

The passage of the amendment makes Missouri the second state to explicitly require strict scrutiny as the standard of review in all cases involving the right to keep and bear arms.  In 2012, Louisiana became the first state to do so when voters approved a referred constitutional amendment.  Strict scrutiny is the most stringent standard of review used by U.S. courts when a law burdens constitutionally protected conduct.  For a challenged law to survive strict scrutiny, the government must show: (1) the law is justified by a compelling governmental interest, (2) the law is narrowly tailored to achieve that interest, and (3) the law is the least restrictive means of achieving that interest. 

The importance of requiring strict scrutiny in cases that burden the right to arms is exemplified by current gun rights litigation in lower federal courts.  The United States Supreme Court’s decision in District of Columbia v. Heller did not clearly specify a standard of review for lower courts to use in Second Amendment cases.  This has led many lower courts to employ a weak “balancing” test, often referred to as “intermediate scrutiny,” when evaluating Second Amendment claims.  Under this lower standard, a number of gun control laws that burden ordinary, law-abiding citizens have been upheld by lower courts.  By requiring strict scrutiny in their constitutional provision, the people of Missouri have ensured that Missouri courts will give gun-control measures the most intensive review available and require the state to meet the highest possible threshold in justifying firearm regulation.

Also notable of the Missouri amendment is the inclusion of firearm “accessories” within the scope of the amendment.  This provides clear guidance for courts when evaluating certain gun-control measures, such as bans on standard capacity magazines.  The Missouri amendment emphasizes the intent of the people to protect all of the necessary parts of a modern, functional firearm. 

While 44 states have at least some state-specific protection for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms, six remain without recognition of this foundational principle. These include California, Iowa, Maryland, Minnesota, New Jersey, and New York.  In 2012, a bill was introduced in Iowa to create an amendment that included a requirement for strict scrutiny.  The failure of the Iowa bill to progress out of committee shows that many state lawmakers still do not understand the importance of strong protection for the right to arms, even in states with a well-established gun culture. Once again, it’s up to gun owners to educate their representatives on this important issue.

As we have warned repeatedly, the landmark Supreme Court cases recognizing the fundamental, individual rights protected by the Second Amendment currently survive by a thin, one-vote margin. This truth is not lost on gun control activists, who are already setting the stage for what they hope to be the reversal of these decisions.  Their view of the Constitution as a “living document” allows it to mean whatever they want it to mean and to change with what they consider to be the mood of the present day. Strong constitutional protections at the state level serve as a backstop against possible erosions of the federal right and ensure changes in state-level politics or demographics do not threaten inalienable liberties.

TRENDING NOW
Outrage of the Week: Shopify Targets America's Guns

News  

Wednesday, August 15, 2018

Outrage of the Week: Shopify Targets America's Guns

Hundreds of firearms retailers may have to close soon because a powerful Canadian tech company, Shopify, recently decided it was anti-gun and issued an ultimatum: Do business our way or not at all.

Divided Appeals Panel Upholds California Ban on Post-2013 Pistols

News  

Friday, August 10, 2018

Divided Appeals Panel Upholds California Ban on Post-2013 Pistols

Imagine if California, to combat what the legislature considered the serious problem of manmade global warming, required all new vehicles sold by car dealers in the state to run on grass clippings, rather than fossil ...

King County Unveils “Common Sense” Action Plan: Ban “Semi-automatic, High Velocity Weapons”

News  

Friday, August 10, 2018

King County Unveils “Common Sense” Action Plan: Ban “Semi-automatic, High Velocity Weapons”

In a July 23rd op-ed, Joe McDermott, the Council Chair of King County, Washington, introduced a multi-prong “King County Gun Safety Action Plan” aimed at reducing gun violence.

NoFundMe: NRA Protest March Nets $70 in National Fundraising Effort

News  

Friday, August 10, 2018

NoFundMe: NRA Protest March Nets $70 in National Fundraising Effort

Crowd funding is a relatively recent innovation that allows a person or cause to leverage the vast reach of the Internet to raise money for virtually every imaginable purpose. Even small donations of a few ...

Canada: Toronto Mayor Calls for Gun Bans, Ontario Premier Targets Criminals

News  

Friday, August 10, 2018

Canada: Toronto Mayor Calls for Gun Bans, Ontario Premier Targets Criminals

Canadian anti-gun politicians’ campaign to disarm law-abiding citizens continued this week. On Monday, the Canadian press reported on an August 3 letter from Toronto Mayor John Tory to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. In the missive, Tory appeared to back ...

NRA Endorses Hyde-Smith for U.S. Senate

News  

Monday, August 13, 2018

NRA Endorses Hyde-Smith for U.S. Senate

FAIRFAX, Va. – The National Rifle Association Political Victory Fund (NRA-PVF) announced on Monday its endorsement of Cindy Hyde-Smith to represent Mississippi in the U.S. Senate. 

Guide To The Interstate Transportation Of Firearms

Gun Laws  

Thursday, January 1, 2015

Guide To The Interstate Transportation Of Firearms

CAUTION: Federal and state firearms laws are subject to frequent change. This summary is not to be considered as legal advice or a restatement of law.

Adventures in Correlation

News  

Friday, August 10, 2018

Adventures in Correlation

Senator Chris Murphy of Connecticut recently linked to a news article about a CDC report on homicides, claiming that “allowing more guns in more places isn’t making us safer. It’s doing the opposite.”

NRA Statement on 3-D Printers and Plastic Firearms

News  

Tuesday, July 31, 2018

NRA Statement on 3-D Printers and Plastic Firearms

FAIRFAX, Va.— Chris W. Cox, executive director, National Rifle Association Institute for Legislative Action, released the following statement on Tuesday:  

Federal Appeals Court Confirms Second Amendment Protects Right to Carry in Public

News  

Tuesday, July 24, 2018

Federal Appeals Court Confirms Second Amendment Protects Right to Carry in Public

The NRA applauds a ruling by the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals that confirms the Second Amendment protects the right to carry a firearm outside the home for self-defense.

MORE TRENDING +
LESS TRENDING -

More Like This From Around The NRA

NRA ILA

Established in 1975, the Institute for Legislative Action (ILA) is the "lobbying" arm of the National Rifle Association of America. ILA is responsible for preserving the right of all law-abiding individuals in the legislative, political, and legal arenas, to purchase, possess and use firearms for legitimate purposes as guaranteed by the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.