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Alabama Voter Registration Information

Friday, December 9, 2011

Presidential Primary Election
March 13, 2012

Primary Election
March 13, 2012

Primary Election Voter Registration Deadline
March 2, 2012

Primary Runoff Election (if necessary)
April 24, 2012

Primary Runoff Election Voter Registration Deadline (if necessary)
April 13, 2012

General Election
November 6, 2012

General Election Voter Registration Deadline
October 26, 2012

Voter Registration and Eligibility
Must register to vote 10 days before the election.
Can select party affiliation at the polls.


To register to vote in the state of Alabama, an individual must meet the following qualifications:

  • Be a U.S. Citizen
  • Reside in Alabama
  • Be at least 18 years old
  • Have not been convicted of a felony (unless your voting rights have been restored)
  • Have not been legally declared "mentally incompetent" by a court


Can register to vote in person or obtain a mail-in application from:

  • Driver's licensing office
  • County and select municipal public libraries
  • Department of Human Resources
  • WIC Program, Department of Public Health
  • Medicaid Agency
  • Department of Rehabilitation Services

The mail-in application form is also available at:

  • Public 4-year universities
  • Select private 4-year universities

Request a mail-in application form online by clicking here.
Obtain an online voter registration application here.


Who Can Absentee Vote in Alabama?

A registered voter may vote absentee by mail if he:

  • Will be absent from the county on Election Day
  • Is ill or has a physical disability that prevents a trip to the polling place
  • Is a registered Alabama voter living outside the county, such as a member of the armed forces, a voter employed outside of the United States, a college student, or a spouse or child of such a person
  • Is an appointed election officer or poll watcher at a polling place other than his regular polling place
  • Works a required shift, 10 hours or more, that coincides with polling hours.

How Can I Acquire an Absentee Ballot?

Absentee Voting by Mail: To obtain an absentee ballot, a voter should write to, or visit the local absentee election manager, request an absentee ballot, and provide the following information:

  • Applicant's name and residential address (or other such information in order to verify voter registration)
  • Election for which the ballot is requested
  • Reason for absence from polls on Election Day
  • Party choice (if the election is a party primary, it's not necessary to give a party choice for a general election; however, in a party primary a voter may participate in only one political party's primary; thus a choice must be designated so that the appropriate ballot can be provided. If the voter declines or fails to designate a choice for a primary or primary run-off ballot, the absentee election manager may send only the ballot for constitutional amendments)
  • Address to which the ballot should be mailed
  • Voter signature (If a mark is made in place of a signature, it must be witnessed)

Obtain an absentee ballot application online here.
Military and other overseas citizens may obtain an online absentee ballot application here.

The absentee ballot application must be returned to the Absentee Election Manager by the voter in person (or by the voter's designee in the case of medical emergency voting) or by U.S. Mail.  No absentee ballot application may be mailed in the same envelope as another voter's absentee ballot application.

Upon receiving the absentee ballot application, the Absentee Election Manager may request additional evidence on the reason for voting absentee if the voter has a history of absentee voting. The absentee ballot applications must turned in no later than the fifth calendar day before the election.

Additional Information for Overseas Voters

How do I Return the Absentee Ballot and What is the Deadline?

An absentee ballot returned by mail must be postmarked no later than the day before the election. If hand-delivered, the ballot must be in the office of the Absentee Election Manager by the close of business (but no later than 5 p.m.) on the day before the election.

Other Information on Absentee Voting in Alabama

Business/Medical Emergency applications can be made after the absentee deadline but no later than 5 p.m. on the day before the election, if the voter:

  • Is required by an employer under unforeseen circumstances to be out of the county on election day for an emergency business trip
  • Has a medical emergency requiring treatment from a licensed physician.

Obtain an emergency absentee ballot application here.

Source of information:

Office of the Secretary of State
Elections Division
Alabama State Capitol, Room E-208
600 Dexter Avenue
Montgomery, Alabama 36103-5616
Phone: 334-242-7210
Fax: 334-242-2444
Voter Hotline at Secretary of State: 1-800-274-8683



Alabama Alabama

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Established in 1975, the Institute for Legislative Action (ILA) is the "lobbying" arm of the National Rifle Association of America. ILA is responsible for preserving the right of all law-abiding individuals in the legislative, political, and legal arenas, to purchase, possess and use firearms for legitimate purposes as guaranteed by the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.