Shooting ranges are protected by the standards of law, ordinance or regulation in effect at the time the range went into operation if it was in existence before 1990.
Alabama State Code § 6-5-341
Liability for operation or use of sport shooting range.
(a) As used in this section, the following words have the following meanings:
(1) Government Body- The state of Alabama or any county or municipal governing body, agency, board, commission, committee, counsel, department, district, or any other public body corporate and politic created by constitution, statute, ordinance, rule, or order.
(2) Property- Real property, buildings, structures, and improvements thereon.
(3) Sport Shooting Range- An area designed and used for rifle shooting, pistol shooting, trap shooting, skeet shooting, or other target shooting and other related training or practice for the purpose of sharpshooting or improving in the use of firearms.
(b)(1) This section applies to all private or public civil, injunctive, and nuisance actions.
(2)Not withstanding any other provision of law, any person, firm, or entity who operates or uses a sports shooting range in this state shall not be subject to civil liability or criminal prosectution in any matter relating to noise or noise pollution resulting from the operation or use of the range if the range is being operated between the hours of 9:00a.m. to 9:00p.m. and if the range has been in existence prior to 1990 or is in compliance with any noise or lead control laws or ordinances that applied to the sport shooting range and its operation on August 1, 2001, or at the time the sport shooting range came into existence, whichever came first.
(3)Any person, firm, or entity who operates or uses a sports shooting rangeis not subject to an action of nuisance and is not subject to an injunction to stop the use or operation of the shooting range on the basis of noise or noise pollution or lead or lead pollution if the range is being operated between the hours of 9:00a.m. through 9:00p.m. and if the range is in compliance with any noise or lead control laws or ordinances that applied to the sport shooting range and its operation on August 1, 2001, or at the time the sport shooting range came into existence, whichever came first.
(4)Except as expressly provided herein, nothing in this section or the common law doctrine of attractive nuisance shall create any duty of care or grounds for liability toward any person using the property of another for a sport shooting range.
(c) No public street or alley should be open through a tract of property used or occupied as a sporting range, unless the necessity of the street or alley is first established by verdict of a jury upon showing extreme need or impossiblity of redirecting or rerouting a street or alley to accommodate the sports shooting range.
(d) Rules or regulations adopted by any government body limiting levels of noise in terms of decibel level which may occur in the atmosphere shall not apply to a sports shooting range exempted from liability under this section.
(e)Rules or regualtions adopted by any government body limiting levels of lead occurring in the atmosphere shall not apply to a sports shooting range exempted from liablity under this section.HIDE