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National Firearms Act (NFA)

The National Firearms Act of 1934 (NFA) requires the registration, with the federal government, of fully-automatic firearms (termed “machineguns”), rifles and shotguns that have an overall length under 26 inches, rifles with a barrel under 16 inches, shotguns with a barrel under 18 inches, and firearm sound suppressors (termed “silencers”). The Gun Control Act of 1968 (GCA) placed “destructive devices” (primarily explosives and the like, but also including firearms over .50 caliber, other than most shotguns) under the provisions of the NFA. In 1994, the Treasury Department placed revolving-cylinder shotguns and one semi-automatic shotgun under the NFA.

The GCA prohibited the importation of fully-automatic firearms for private purposes and a 1986 amendment to the Act prohibited the domestic manufacture of fully-automatics for private purposes. However, short-barreled rifles and shotguns have becoming increasingly popular for home defense and defensive-skills-based marksmanship training and competitions, and sound suppressors have become increasingly popular for marksmanship training and competitions, and for hunting.

Issue Articles

Friday, February 14, 2014

Iowa: Demand Action in Des Moines on Pending Pro-Gun Legislation

The opportunity to advance your firearms freedoms in Des Moines during the 2014 legislative session will slip away ...

Wednesday, February 12, 2014

Virginia: Senate Courts of Justice Committee Defeats Two Pro-Gun Bills, Advances Important Vehicle Carry Bill

Today, the Senate Courts of Justice Committee held a hearing on three important pro-gun bills.  Unfortunately, only one ...

Wednesday, February 12, 2014

Arizona: Important Pro-Gun Bills to be Heard in Arizona House Judiciary Committee Tomorrow

Tomorrow, February 13, the Arizona House Judiciary Committee is scheduled to consider two pro-gun bills, House Bill 2517 and ...

Wednesday, February 12, 2014

Georgia: Tomorrow’s Senate Committee Hearing on Senate Bill 93 Postponed

Due to inclement weather, tomorrow’s Senate Natural Resources & Environment Committee hearing on Senate Bill 93 has been cancelled and ...


Tuesday, February 11, 2014

Georgia: Important Pro-Hunting Bill in Senate Committee on Thursday

This Thursday, February 13, an important pro-hunting bill is scheduled to be heard in the state Senate Natural ...

Friday, February 7, 2014

Iowa: Contact Your State Legislators and Urge Action on Important Pro-Gun Legislation

The NRA and Iowa Firearms Coalition (IFC) have been working with your state legislators to protect and advance ...


Friday, February 7, 2014

Ohio: Suppressor Bill Awaits Approval by House Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee

After having received several hearings by the House Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee, House Bill 234, sponsored by ...


Wednesday, February 5, 2014

Vermont: Bill would repeal ban on suppressors

State Rep. Pat Brennan (R-Colchester) introduced a bill in the State Legislature to repeal the ban on silencers ...

Friday, December 13, 2013

Comments Reveal Strong Opposition to Proposed Rule on NFA Trusts

In September, we reported on the Obama administration's ill-conceived regulatory proposal to further complicate the already burdensome process ...


Monday, October 28, 2013

Ohio: Move is afoot to make suppressors legal for hunting

Over time, one almost certain casualty of hunting will be a shooter's hearing."I wish I had half the ...

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Established in 1975, the Institute for Legislative Action (ILA) is the "lobbying" arm of the National Rifle Association of America. ILA is responsible for preserving the right of all law-abiding individuals in the legislative, political, and legal arenas, to purchase, possess and use firearms for legitimate purposes as guaranteed by the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.