New Mexico

Updated as of Wednesday, April 09, 2014.

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“No law shall abridge the right of the citizen to keep and bear arms for security and defense, for lawful hunting and recreational use and for other lawful purposes, but nothing herein shall be held to permit the carrying of concealed weapons. No municipality or county shall regulate, in any way, an incident of the right to keep and bear arms.”

Article II, Section 6.

Important/Relevant Gun Laws

RIFLES AND SHOTGUNSHANDGUNS
Permit to PurchaseNoNo
Registration of FirearmsNoNo
Licensing of OwnersNoNo
Permit to CarryNoYes

The list and map below are included as a tool to assist you in validating your information.  We have made every effort to report the information correctly, however reciprocity and recognition agreements are subject to frequent change.  The information is not intended as legal advice or a restatement of law and does not include:  restrictions that may be placed on non-resident permits, individuals under the age of 21, qualifying permit classes, and/or any other factor which may limit reciprocity and/or recognition.  For any particular situation, a licensed local attorney must be consulted for an accurate interpretation.  YOU MUST ABIDE WITH ALL LAWS: STATE, FEDERAL AND LOCAL.

Reciprocity

  • These states recognize New Mexico permits:
  • Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
  • New Mexico recognizes permits from:
  • Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming

Map of states recognizing New Mexico permits:

A synopsis of New Mexico state laws on purchase, possession and carrying of firearms.

PURCHASE

No state permit is required to purchase a rifle, shotgun or handgun.  READ ALL

POSSESSION

No state permit is required to possess a rifle, shotgun or handgun. READ ALL

It is unlawful for a person under 19 to possess or transport a handgun, except when the person is: (1) attending a hunter’s or handgun safety course; (2) engaged in target shooting or in organized competition; (3) legal hunting or trapping; (4) participating in or practicing for a performance by a nonprofit organization formed under I.R.S. Code €501(c)(3); (5) traveling with an unloaded handgun to or from one of the above activities; (6) on real property under the control of the person’s parent, grandparent, or guardian and while under their supervision.


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CARRYING

It is unlawful to carry a concealed loaded firearm anywhere. This does not apply to: 1) carrying in a person’s residence or on real property belonging to him as an owner, lessee, tenant or licensee; 2) carrying in a private automobile or other private means of conveyance, for lawful protection of the person's or another's person or property; or 3) carrying by a peace officer in the lawful discharge of his duties; or 4) by a person in possession of a valid concealed handgun license issued by the Department of Public Safety. READ ALL

The Department of Public Safety shall issue a concealed handgun license to an applicant who:

(1)  is a citizen of the United States;

(2)  is a resident of New Mexico or is a member of the armed forces whose permanent duty station is located in New Mexico or is a dependent of such a member;

(3)  is twenty-one years of age or older;

(4)  is not a fugitive from justice;

(5)  has not been convicted of a felony in New Mexico or any other state or pursuant to the laws of the United States or any other jurisdiction;

(6)  is not currently under indictment for a felony criminal offense in New Mexico or any other state or pursuant to the laws of the United States or any other jurisdiction;

(7)  is not otherwise prohibited by federal law or the law of any other jurisdiction from purchasing or possessing a firearm;

(8)  has not been adjudicated mentally incompetent or committed to a mental institution;

(9)  is not addicted to alcohol or controlled substances; and

(10)      has satisfactorily completed a firearms training course approved by the department for the category and caliber of handgun that the applicant wants to be licensed to carry as a concealed handgun.

The department shall deny a concealed handgun license to an applicant who has received a conditional discharge, a diversion or a deferment or has been convicted of, pled guilty to or entered a plea of nolo contendere to a misdemeanor offense involving a crime of violence within the ten year period preceding application; been convicted of a misdemeanor offense involving driving while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs within five years immediately preceding the application for a concealed handgun license; been convicted within the ten year period preceding application of a misdemeanor offense involving the possession or abuse of a controlled substance; or been convicted of a misdemeanor offense involving assault, battery or battery against a household member.

Applications for concealed handgun licenses shall be completed, under penalty of perjury, on a form designed and provided by the department and shall include the applicant’s name, current address, date of birth, place of birth, social security number, height, weight, gender, hair color, eye color and driver’s license number or other state-issued identification number; a statement that the applicant is aware of, understands and is in compliance with the requirements for licensure set forth in the Concealed Handgun Carry Act; a statement that the applicant has been furnished a copy of the Concealed Handgun Carry Act and is knowledgeable of its provisions; and a conspicuous warning that the application form is executed under penalty of perjury and that a materially false answer or the submission of a materially false document to the department may result in denial or revocation of a concealed handgun license and may subject the applicant to criminal prosecution for perjury.

 The applicant shall submit to the department a completed application form; a nonrefundable application fee in an amount not to exceed $100; two full sets of fingerprints; a certified copy of a certificate of completion for a firearms training course approved by the department; two color photographs of the applicant; a certified copy of a birth certificate or proof of United States citizenship, if the applicant was not born in the United States; and proof of residency in New Mexico.  A law enforcement agency may fingerprint an applicant and may charge a reasonable fee.

Upon receipt of the above items, the department shall make a reasonable effort to determine if an applicant is qualified to receive a concealed handgun license. The department shall conduct an appropriate check of available records and shall forward the applicant’s fingerprints to the federal bureau of investigation for a national criminal background check.  The department, within thirty days after receiving a completed application and the results of a national criminal background check on the applicant, shall issue a concealed handgun license to an applicant, or deny the application on the grounds that the applicant failed to qualify for a concealed handgun license pursuant to the provisions of the Concealed Handgun Carry Act.  The department shall suspend or revoke a license if the department receives information that would disqualify an applicant from receiving a concealed handgun license after the thirty-day time period has elapsed. 

Information relating to an applicant or to a licensee received by the department or any other law enforcement agency is confidential and exempt from public disclosure unless an order to disclose information is issued by a court of competent jurisdiction. The information shall be made available by the department to a state or local law enforcement agency upon request by the agency.

A concealed handgun license issued by the department shall include a color photograph of the licensee; the licensee’s name, address and date of birth; the expiration date of the concealed handgun license; and the category and caliber of handgun that the licensee is licensed to carry.  A licensees permit card shall indicate the maximum caliber of handgun they may carry, and also a statement that smaller calibers can be carried.  No person shall carry more than one concealed handgun at any given time.  Concealed handgun licenses shall be valid for a period of four years from the date of issuance, unless the license is suspended or revoked.

A licensee shall notify the department within thirty days regarding a change of his name or permanent address. A licensee shall notify the department within ten days if the licensee’s concealed handgun license is lost, stolen or destroyed.  If a concealed handgun license is reported lost, stolen or destroyed, the license is invalid and the licensee may obtain a duplicate license by furnishing the department a notarized statement that the original license was lost, stolen or destroyed and paying a reasonable fee.  If a license is lost or stolen, a licensee must file a police report with local law enforcement and include the case number in the notarized statement.

A licensee may renew his concealed handgun license by submitting to the department a completed renewal form, under penalty of perjury, designed and provided by the department, accompanied by a payment of a $75.00 renewal fee. A licensee who renews his concealed handgun license may renew his license by taking a four-hour refresher firearms training course and paying the $75.00 renewal fee to the department. The department shall conduct a national criminal records check of the licensee seeking to renew his license. A concealed handgun license shall not be renewed more than sixty days after it has expired. A licensee who fails to renew his concealed handgun license within sixty days after it has expired may apply for a new concealed handgun license pursuant to the provisions of the Concealed Handgun Carry Act. 

All licensees must take a 2-hour refresher course within 26 months of the issuance of an original or a renewed license.  The course may be taken 22 to 26 months after issuance, and a certificate of completion must be submitted to the department within 30 days of completion.

The department at its discretion may allow the transfer, recognition of, or enter into reciprocity agreements with other states that issue concealed handgun licenses.

The department shall suspend or revoke a concealed handgun license if the licensee provided the department with false information on his application form or renewal form for a concealed handgun license; the licensee did not satisfy the criteria for issuance of a concealed handgun license at the time the license was issued to him; or subsequent to receiving a concealed handgun license, the licensee violates a provision of the Concealed Handgun Carry Act.

 The department publishes minimum standards for approved firearms training courses that teach competency with handguns. Any person seeking to instruct firearms training courses must file an application with the department to become an approved instructor.  A person who is not an approved instructor may not instruct a firearms training course pursuant to this rule.  A firearms training course shall include classroom instruction and range instruction and an actual demonstration by the applicant of his ability to safely use a handgun. An applicant shall not be licensed unless he demonstrates, at a minimum, his ability to use a handgun of .32 caliber.

 An approved firearms training course shall be a course that is certified or sponsored by a federal or state law enforcement agency, a college, a firearms training school or a nationally recognized organization, approved by the department, that customarily offers firearms training. The firearms training course shall be not less than fifteen hours in length and shall provide instruction regarding knowledge of and safe handling of single- and double-action revolvers and semiautomatic handguns; safe storage of handguns and child safety; safe handgun shooting fundamentals; live shooting of a handgun on a firing range; identification of ways to develop and maintain handgun shooting skills; federal, state and local criminal and civil laws pertaining to the purchase, ownership, transportation, use and possession of handguns; techniques for avoiding a criminal attack and how to control a violent confrontation; and techniques for nonviolent dispute resolution.

 Nothing in the Concealed Handgun Carry Act allows a licensee in possession of a valid concealed handgun license to carry a concealed handgun into or on premises where to do so would be in violation of state or federal law.  It is unlawful to carry a concealed handgun on school or preschool premises even with a concealed carry license.  No person shall carry a concealed handgun while impaired by the use of alcohol, controlled substances, or over-the-counter or prescribed medications.  A licensee must have his concealed handgun license in his possession at all times while carrying a concealed handgun.  A licensee carrying a concealed handgun on or about his person in public shall, upon demand by a peace officer, display his license to carry a concealed handgun.

In addition to other limitations stated in the act, a licensee may not carry a concealed handgun on or about his person on private property that has signs posted prohibiting the carrying of concealed weapons or when verbally told so by a person lawfully in possession of the property.  A concealed handgun license is not valid on tribal land, unless authorized by the governing body of an Indian nation, tribe or pueblo.  A concealed handgun license is not valid in a courthouse or court facility, unless authorized by the presiding judicial officer for that courthouse or court facility.

It is lawful to carry an unloaded firearm.  It is lawful to carry a loaded rifle or shotgun in a private automobile or other private means of conveyance, for lawful protection of person or property.

It is unlawful to carry a deadly weapon on school premises, grounds, school bus, or any public building or grounds where school-related and sanctioned activities are performed. Exceptions include a person older than 19 in a private means of conveyance for lawful protection of person or property, safety or military instruction, or any school approved program involving the carrying of a deadly weapon.

Unlawful carrying of a firearm on university premises consists of carrying a firearm on university premises except by a peace officer; university security personnel; a student, instructor or other university-authorized personnel who are engaged in army, navy, marine corps or air force reserve officer training corps programs or a state-authorized hunter safety training program; a person conducting or participating in a university-approved program, class or other activity involving the carrying of a firearm; or a person older than nineteen years of age on university premises in a private automobile or other private means of conveyance, for lawful protection of the person’s or another’s person or property.

A university shall conspicuously post notices on university premises that state that it is unlawful to carry a firearm on university premises.

A properly licensed individual may carry a concealed handgun onto the premises of any location that is licensed to sell alcohol for off premise consumption.


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ANTIQUES AND REPLICAS

New Mexico statutes are silent on antique and replica firearms. They are treated as ordinary firearms for possession and carrying purposes.

MACHINE GUNS

It is lawful to possess a machine gun that is legally registered and possessed in compliance with all federal laws and regulations.

PREEMPTION

No municipality or county shall regulate, in any way, an incident of the right to keep and bear arms. READ ALL

§ 6. Right to keep and bear arms

No law shall abridge the right of the citizen to keep and bear arms for security and defense, for lawful hunting and recreational use and for other lawful purposes, but nothing herein shall be held to permit the carrying of concealed weapons. No municipality or county shall regulate, in any way, an incident of the right to keep and bear arms.

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Range Protection

The use or operation of a sport shooting range shall not be enjoined as a nuisance on the basis of noise or noise pollution... READ ALL

§ 17-8-1. Short title

This act may be cited as the “Sport Shooting Range Act”.

§ 17-8-2. Purpose of act

The purpose of the Sport Shooting Range Act is to protect the normal operation and use of sport shooting ranges by establishing when a person who owns, operates or uses a sport shooting range is liable for civil penalties.

§ 17-8-3. Definition

As used in the Sport Shooting Range Act, a “sport shooting range” is an area designed and operated for the use of rifles, shotguns or pistols as a means of silhouette, skeet, trap, black powder or other sport shooting or firearms training.

§ 17-8-4. Immunity from nuisance actions based on noise or noise pollution

A. The use or operation of a sport shooting range shall not be enjoined as a nuisance on the basis of noise or noise pollution:

(1) if the sport shooting range is in compliance with noise control statutes, rules or ordinances that apply to the range and its operation at the time that the initial operation of the range commenced;

(2) due to changes made to noise control statutes, rules or ordinances that apply to the sport shooting range and its operation, if the changes take effect after the initial operation of the range commenced; or

(3) if noise control statutes, rules or ordinances were not in effect at the time that the original operation of the sport shooting range commenced. 

B. The use or operation of a sport shooting range may not be enjoined as a nuisance on the basis of noise or noise pollution by a person who acquires an interest in real property adversely affected by the normal operation and use of a sport shooting range that commenced operation prior to the time the person acquired the interest in real property.

§ 17-8-5. Local government authority

The provisions of the Sport Shooting Range Act shall not prohibit a local government from regulating the location and construction of sport shooting ranges after July 1, 2002.

§ 17-8-6. Exemptions

The provisions of the Sport Shooting Range Act do not apply:

A. to recovery for an act or omission relating to recklessness, negligence, wanton misconduct or willful misconduct in the operation or use of a sport shooting range;

B. to a nuisance action on the basis of trespass involving the operation or use of a sport shooting range;

C. to the operation or use of a sport shooting range that substantially and adversely affects public health or public safety; or

D. if there has been a substantial change in the primary use of a sport shooting range.

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MISCELLANEOUS

It is unlawful to endanger the safety of another by handling or using a firearm in a negligent manner.

It is unlawful to discharge a firearm within 150 yards of an inhabited dwelling or building without the permission of the owner or lessee.

It is unlawful to carry, transport or have in possession firearms of any kind within any game refuge or to discharge any firearm into or within any state game refuge.

Sources:  N.M Stat. Ann. §§ 17-2-12; 17-2-33 through 35; 29-19-1 through 12; 30-3-8; 30-7-1 through 16; 32A-2-33.

CAUTION: Firearm laws are subject to frequent change and court interpretation. This summary is not intended as legal advice or restatement of law. This summary does not include federal or local laws, ordinances or regulations. For any particular situation, a licensed local attorney must be consulted for an accurate interpretation. YOU MUST ABIDE WITH ALL LAWS: STATE, FEDERAL AND LOCAL.

This may be reproduced. It may not be reproduced for commercial purposes.