State Laws

Alabama

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

"That every citizen has a right to bear arms in defense of himself and the state."

Article 1, Section 26

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Alaska

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. The individual right to keep and bear arms shall not be denied or infringed by the state or political subdivision of the State.”

Article 1, Section 19.

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Arizona

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The right of the individual citizen to bear arms in defense of himself or the State shall not be impaired, but nothing in this section shall be construed as authorizing individuals or corporations to organize, maintain, or employ an armed body of men.”

Article 2, Section 26.

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Arkansas

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The citizens of this State shall have the right to keep for their common defense.”

Article 2, Section 5.

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Colorado

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The right of no person to keep and bear arms in defense of his home, person and property, or in aid of the civil power when thereto legally summoned, shall be called in question; but nothing herein contained shall be construed to justify the practice of carrying concealed weapons.”

Article II, Section 13.

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Connecticut

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“Every citizen has a right to bear arms in defense of himself and the state.”

Article 1, Section 15.

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Delaware

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“A person has the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of self, family, home and state, and for hunting and recreational use.”

Article 1, §20.

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Florida

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“(a) The right of the people to keep and bear arms in defense of themselves and of the lawful authority of the state shall not be infringed, except that the manner of bearing arms may be regulated by law. (b) There shall be a mandatory period of three days, excluding weekends and legal holidays, between the purchase and delivery at retail of any handgun. For the purposes of this section, “purchase” means the transfer of money or other valuable consideration to the retailer, and “handgun” means a firearm capable of being carried and used by one hand, such as a pistol or revolver. Holders of a concealed weapon permit as prescribed in Florida law shall not be subject to the provisions of this paragraph. (c) . . . anyone violating the provisions of subsection (b) shall be guilty of a felony. (d) This restriction shall not apply to a trade in of another handgun.” Article 1, Section 8.

The legislature of the State of Florida, in a declaration of policy incorporated in its “Weapons and Firearms” statute, recognizes that adult citizens of the state retain their constitutional right to keep and bear firearms for hunting and sporting activities and for defense of self, family, home, and business and as collectibles.

Article 1, Section 8.

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Georgia

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed, but the General Assembly shall have power to prescribe the manner in which arms may be borne.”

Article 1, Section 1, Paragraph VIII.

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Hawaii

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”

Article 1, Section 15.

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Idaho

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The people have the right to keep and bear arms, which right shall not be abridged; but this provision shall not prevent the passage of laws to govern the carrying of weapons concealed on the person, nor prevent passage of legislation providing minimum sentences for crimes committed while in possession of a firearm, nor prevent passage of legislation providing penalties for the possession of firearms by a convicted felon, nor prevent the passage of legislation punishing the use of a firearm. No law shall impose licensure, registration or special taxation on the ownership or possession of firearms or ammunition. Nor shall any law permit the confiscation of firearms, except those actually used in the commission of a felony.”

Article 1, Section 11.

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Illinois

NOTICE: H.B. 183 recently became law, making Illinois the last state to implement Right to Carry, please see our legislative update. This page will be continually updated as more detailed information becomes available and the new law is implemented. Serious concerns remain about the implementation, cost and issuance of concealed carry licenses in Illinois.  NRA-ILA will continue to update you on developments related to concealed carry in Illinois and fight to ensure that licenses are issued in a timely manner to those law-abiding Illinoisans interested in their inherent right to self-defense.

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“Subject only to the police power, the right of the individual citizen to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”

Section 22, Article I of the Illinois Bill of Rights

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Indiana

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The people shall have a right to bear arms, for the defense of themselves and the State.”

Article 1 Section 32.

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Iowa

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

Iowa has no State Constitutional right to keep and bear arms. However, the Iowa Constitution does guarantee certain inalienable rights—among which are “defending life” and “protecting property.”

Article 1, Section 1.

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Kansas

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and : security; but standing armies in time of peace, are dangerous to • liberty, and shall not be tolerated, and the military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power.”

Kansas Bill of Rights Section 4.

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Kentucky

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“All men are by nature, free and equal, and have certain inherent and inalienable rights, among which may be reckoned: ... 7) the right to bear arms in defense of themselves and of the state, subject to the power of the general assembly to enact laws to prevent persons from carrying concealed weapons.”

Article 1, Section 1, Paragraph 7.

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Louisiana

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The right of each citizen to keep and bear arms shall not be abridged, but this provision shall not prevent the passage of laws to prohibit the carrying of weapons concealed on the person.”

Article 1, Section 11.

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Maine

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“Every citizen has a right to keep and bear arms and this right shall never be questioned.”

Article 1, Section 16.

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Maryland

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

Maryland has no constitutional provision granting a “right to bear arms.”

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Massachusetts

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The people have a right to keep and bear arms for the common defense. And as, in time of peace, armies are dangerous to liberty, they ought not to be maintained without the consent of the legislature, and the military power shall always be held in an exact subordination to the civil authority, and be governed by it.”

Declaration of Rights, Article 17.

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Michigan

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“Every person has a right to keep and bear arms for the defense of himself and the state.”

Article 1, Section 6.

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Mississippi

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The right of every citizen to keep and bear arms in defense of his home, person, or property, or in aid of the civil power when thereto legally summoned, shall not be called in question, but the legislature may regulate or forbid carrying concealed weapons.”

Article 3 Section 12.

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Missouri

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“That the right of every citizen to keep and bear arms in defense of his home, person and property, or when lawfully summoned in aid of the civil power, shall not be questioned; but this shall not justify the wearing of concealed weapons."

Article 1, Section 23.

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Montana

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The right of any person to keep or bear arms in defense of his own home, person, and property, or in aid of the civil power when thereto legally summoned, shall not be called in question, but nothing herein contained shall be held to permit the carrying of concealed weapons.”

Article 2, Section 12.

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Nebraska

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“All persons ... have certain ... rights, among these are ... the right to keep and bear arms for security or defense of self, family, home, and others, and for lawful common defense, hunting, recreational use, and all other lawful purposes, and such rights shall not be denied or infringed by the state or any subdivision thereof.”

Nebraska Constitution art. 1, sec. 1.

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Nevada

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“Every citizen has the right to keep and bear arms for security and defense, for lawful hunting and recreational use and for other lawful purposes.”

Article 1, Section 11, Paragraph 1.

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New Hampshire

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“All persons have the right to keep and bear arms in defense of themselves, their families, their property, and the state.”

Part 1, Article 2-a

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New Mexico

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“No law shall abridge the right of the citizen to keep and bear arms for security and defense, for lawful hunting and recreational use and for other lawful purposes, but nothing herein shall be held to permit the carrying of concealed weapons. No municipality or county shall regulate, in any way, an incident of the right to keep and bear arms.”

Article II, Section 6.

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New York

On January 15, 2013, Governor Cuomo seized your gun rights overnight!   S.2230 was signed into law only 24 hours after it was introduced. The law went into effect immediately upon signature.  This page has been updated to reflect those changes.

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

None. However, Article 2, Section 4 of the New York Civil Rights Law provides: “A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms cannot be infringed.”

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North Carolina

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed, and, as standing armies in time of peace are dangerous to liberty, they shall not be maintained, and the military should be kept under strict subordination to and governed by the civil power. Nothing herein shall justify the practice of carrying concealed weapons, or prevent the General Assembly from enacting penal statutes against that practice.”

Article 1, Section 30.

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North Dakota

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“All individuals . . . have certain inalienable rights, among which are . . . to keep and bear arms for the defense of their person, family, property, and the state, and for lawful hunting, recreational, and other lawful purposes, which shall not be infringed.”

Article 1, Section l

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Ohio

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and security; but standing armies, in time of peace, are dangerous to liberty, and shall not be kept up; and the military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power.”

Article 1, Section 4.

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Oklahoma

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The right of a citizen to keep and bear arms in defense of his home, person, or property, or in aid of the civil power, when thereunto legally summoned, shall never be prohibited, but nothing herein contained shall prevent the legislature from regulating the carrying of weapons.”

Article 2, Section 26.

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Oregon

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The people shall have the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of themselves and the state, but the military shall be kept in strict subordination to the civil power.”

Article 1, Section 27.

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Pennsylvania

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The right of the citizens to bear arms in defense of themselves and the State shall not be questioned.”

Article 1, Section 21.

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Rhode Island

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”

Article 1, Section 22.

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South Carolina

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”

Article 1, Section 20.

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South Dakota

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The right of the citizens to bear arms in defense of themselves and the state shall not be denied.”

Article VI, Section 24.

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Tennessee

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“That the citizens of this State have a right to keep and to bear arms for their common defense; but the Legislature shall have power, by law, to regulate the wearing of arms with a view to prevent crime.”

Article 1, Section 26.

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Texas

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“Every citizen shall have the right to keep and bear arms in the lawful defense of himself or the State; but the Legislature shall have power, by law, to regulate the wearing of arms, with a view to prevent crime.”

Article 1, Section 23.

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Utah

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The individual right of the people to keep and bear arms for security and defense of self, family, others, property, or the State as well as for other lawful purposes shall not be infringed; but nothing herein shall prevent the legislature from defining the lawful use of arms.”

Article 1, Section 6.

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Vermont

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“That the people have a right to bear arms for the defense of themselves and the State as standing armies in time of peace are dangerous to liberty, they ought not to be kept up; and that the military should be kept under strict subordination to and governed by the civil power.”

Chapter 1, Article 16.

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Virginia

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“That a well regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained to arms, is the proper, natural, and safe defense of a free state, therefore, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed; that standing armies, in time of peace, should be avoided as dangerous to liberty; and that in all cases the military should be under strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power.”

Article 1, Section 13.

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Washington

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The right of the individual citizen to bear arms in defense of himself, or the state, shall not be impaired, but nothing in this section shall be construed as authorizing individuals or corporations to organize, maintain or employ an armed body of men.”

Article 1, Section 24.

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West Virginia

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

A person has the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of self, family, home, and state, and for lawful hunting and recreational use.

Art. 3, Sec. 22.

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Wisconsin

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

The people have the right to keep and bear arms for security, defense, hunting, recreation or any other lawful purpose.

WISC. CONST. art. 1, § 25

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Wyoming

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

“The right of the citizens to bear arms in defense of themselves and the state shall not be denied.”

Article 1, Section 24.

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